Posts Tagged ‘management’
Creative business owners who are just starting, assumed the role of consultants are often not important. Or the reason is “the consultant is expensive”. In fact, if a businessman thinking of employing a consultant in economical, start-up company you instead many cost-saving. What costs can be saved? The cost of failure and ignorance.
A good business consultant, will share his knowledge of managing the business with you. That is, you are helped gone through some critical stages of entrepreneurial without having to actually get through. Because one of the roles of the entrepreneurial consultant is primarily to advise and tips on how to manage the company to get through these times.
There are several pros and cons to hire consultants, as follows:
Creative entrepreneurs establish businesses according to what she liked. As a photographer, then he will set up a business that deals with photography. With the hiring of consultants, the entrepreneur can focus on the field of photography is preferred, photography. In the meantime, the problems of business operations, can be submitted on business consultant.
Pros: Cost Effective
Hiring a consultant is relatively cheaper than hiring employees remain. A professional in the field of management, usually will require relatively high salaries, even if your business is a start-up. In addition, the attractiveness of a professional is hired to want to work allowance. In the meantime, contractual consultant contract normally off. You don’t need to spend the cost benefits are high. In addition, as a freelancer, consultant fees so flexible.
Each consultant has a background job specialties of each. If the consultant has worked in the field of Human Resource, then he will use the approach of Human Resource. And so on. Rarely has the knowledge of general management, if it is, a lot of knowledge in particular only half-half.
As leader or Manager in an enterprise needed the ability to be able to optimize the productivity, by focusing fix all problems that arise in the workplace through mechanisms of coaching & counseling. The Manager’s role is the key to success here is to make employees manage the problems of using the resources of their own.
Data results coaching & counseling can also be used as a data source in order of succession planning. From this data we can find out the strengths and weaknesses of employees, which can be recorded to be used as consideration in planning promotions. Development of employee skills and behavior may also be known to flee through another sangria counseling results sent to HRD.
With the three skills of managers in coaching & counseling which includes listening skills (when it found a problem), defining skill problems (in order to find the true cause) and skill facilitating discovery solutions, managers are expected to be the facilitator. The Task Manager is to help optimize resources for his subjects to solve problems or achieve the target. How to do these things and what competencies you need can be found in this training.
states that “promotion opportunities lead to different effects on job satisfaction because of differences in remuneration as given”. According Nitisemito (2000: 81) promotion is the “process of moving employees from one position to another position in a higher”. Thus, the promotion will always be followed by the duties, responsibilities, and authority higher than the position previously occupied. Through the promotion, the company will gain stability and moral karyawanpun to be more secure. While Robbins (2001:150) states that the promotion will provide an opportunity for personal growth, more responsibility, and increased social status. When promotions are made in a fair manner are expected to provide satisfaction to employees.
Luthans (1998:145) argues that the task of supervision can not be separated with the function of leadership, which affect the business activities of subordinates through a process of communication to achieve specific objectives set out the organization. According to Hasibuan (2001:169), leadership is defined by a manager in an organization can create a harmonious integration and encourages employees’ passion for achieving maximum objectives. Therefore the activities of employees in the company depends on the leadership style that is applied as well as the environmental situation in the companies they work for. The need for guidance, attention and motivation of the leaders expected to spur employees to do their job well, as proposed by Hasibuan (2001:170) that leadership style is essentially aims to promote morale, job satisfaction, and employee productivity is high, so can achieve maximum organization
Stress in the optimal performance
is a positive stress condition because it can encourage employees to work at higher levels, while the stress of too little and too much burden is the negative stress condition because it can lead to declining performance of the employees. “The emergence of stress, whether caused by something that is fun
or something unpleasant will give a certain effect on a person. Cox divide the four types of consequences that can inflict stress namely:
1. The influence of psychological stress is a result of the impact on the psychological aspects of a person.
2. Influence the behavior is a result of stress that impact on a person’s behavior changes.
3. Influence the cognitive consequences of stress that impact on a person’s thinking ability.
4. Effect of physiological stress is a result of the impact on one’s physical condition.
Signs of stress in an optimal appearance and signs of stress because of too little and too much of a burden will be grouped in four types of consequences that can inflict stress and will be a limitation in this study as seen below, namely:
1. The signs of stress related to the level of workload in an optimal appearance
a. The influence of psychological
2) Calmness under pressure
b. influence the behavior
1) Over the spirit of the work
c. The influence of cognitive
1) Analysis of Low on the matter
2) Better Memory
3) Perception sharp
d. Effect of physiological
1) Have a high energy which are not easily tired
2. The signs of stress related to workload levels because too much and too little workload.
a. The influence of psychological
As an academic discipline, business ethics emerged in the 1970s. Since no academic business ethics journals or conferences existed, researchers published in general management journals, and attended general conferences. Over time, specialized peer-reviewed journals appeared, and more researchers entered the field. Corporate scandals in the earlier 2000s increased the field’s popularity. As of 2009, sixteen academic journals devoted to various business ethics issues existed, with Journal of Business Ethics and Business Ethics Quarterly considered the leaders.
The International Business Development Institute is a global non-profit organization that represents 217 nations and all 50 United States. It offers a Charter in Business Development (CBD) that focuses on ethical business practices and standards. The Charter is directed by Harvard, MIT, and Fulbright Scholars, and it includes graduate-level coursework in economics, politics, marketing, management, technology, and legal aspects of business development as it pertains to business ethics. IBDI also oversees the International Business Development Institute of Asia which provides individuals living in 20 Asian nations the opportunity to earn the Charter.
Business ethical norms reflect the norms of each historical period. As time passed, those norms evolved, and many behaviors that were once generally accepted became objectionable. Business ethics and the resulting behavior evolved as well. Business was involved in slavery, colonialism, and the cold war. The term ‘business ethics’ came into common use in the United States in the early 1970s. By the mid-1980s at least 500 courses in business ethics reached 40,000 students, using some twenty textbooks and at least ten casebooks along supported by professional societies, centers and journals of business ethics. The Society for Business Ethics was started in 1980. European business schools adopted business ethics after 1987 commencing with the European Business Ethics Network (EBEN). In 1982 the first single-authored books in the field appeared.
Firms started highlighting their ethical stature in the late 1980s and early 1990s, possibly trying to distance themselves from the business scandals of the day, such as the savings and loan crisis. The idea of business ethics caught the attention of academics, media and business firms by the end of the Cold War. However, legitimate criticism of business practices was attacked for infringing the “freedom” of entrepreneurs and critics were accused of support from communists. This scuttled the discourse of business ethics both in media and academia
Business ethics (also known as corporate ethics) is a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations.
Business ethics has both normative and descriptive dimensions. As a corporate practice and a career specialization, the field is primarily normative. Academics attempting to understand business behavior employ descriptive methods. The range and quantity of business ethical issues reflects the interaction of profit-maximizing behavior with non-economic concerns. Interest in business ethics accelerated dramatically during the 1980s and 1990s, both within major corporations and within academia. For example, today most major corporations promote their commitment to non-economic values under headings such as ethics codes and social responsibility charters. Adam Smith said, “People of the same trade seldom meet together, even for merriment and diversion, but the conversation ends in a conspiracy against the public, or in some contrivance to raise prices.” Governments use laws and regulations to point business behavior in what they perceive to be beneficial directions. Ethics implicitly regulates areas and details of behavior that lie beyond governmental control. The emergence of large corporations with limited relationships and sensitivity to the communities in which they operate accelerated the development of formal ethics regimes.
The planning included setting the mission, vision, goal and strategy. When involved the implementation and monitoring items, was called strategic management, which is even a term used today. This was thought so because planning was only at the level of ideas but not necessarily landing in practice, requiring implementation.
Currently the strategic management continues to include the already mentioned, but he has joined the environmental analysis. This analysis, although it is true that in the 80 PEST was called, and that was to find the political, economic, social and technological developments that could affect the company, proved insufficient, as only taking into account the macro and missing studying the industrial sector and the global environment.
I would say Nag, in his own words, that “the field of strategic management deals with major and emerging initiatives taken by general managers on behalf of the owners, involving the use of resources to improve the performance of firms in their external environments. ”
Now, strategic management, which is also known as strategic planning, taking into account the goals, the company’s internal analysis, the value chain and what is popularly called in the literature of management SWOT analysis (Strengths, Opportunities , Threats).
The employer must meet the goals and targets should be the objectives.
Mainly, the company is measured by profitability, market share and / or value of the stock depending on the type of firm that is. Companies are made with the ultimate intention of generating profits. The strategy may change its elements in time. However, whenever there is a company, it will require one or more strategies
The organization is working on repairs. I was involved as a coach a while back to that section of the Radboud in Nijmegen, where surgeons had a conflict. What did management do? Who invented all sorts of procedures and protocols while it was clear that surgeons not get through a door could. There was the problem. You must provide surgeons themselves to choose and if they do not come say, well, then one of you two from office. The responsibility should lie with the people who do the work. The time the director said: “Confidence is good but control is better” is over. Work will be organized into learning systems that regulate themselves. This places greater demands on employees and their self-reflection and flexibility. But it also means that managers have no time stabbing in motivating, democratize and mobilize support for these are palliatives to the old system to maintain and grow as we go.
The international management of investment funds Fidelity has recently conducted a study on the current status of investors throughout Europe. In collaboration with the consulting firm TNS Sofres, conducted a survey in eleven European countries and consulted to some nine thousand investors and savers of different branches to get their opinion on some important points about their role in the financial market.